Close this search box.

Dish Cladding Machine


  • Electroslag welding (ESW) is a highly productive, single pass welding process for thick (greater than 25 mm up to about 300 mm) materials in a vertical or close to vertical position.
  • (ESW) is similar to electrogas welding, but the main difference is that the arc starts in a different location. An electric arc is initially struck by wire that is fed into the desired weld location and then flux is added.
ESW strip cladding Electroslag strip cladding is a development of submerged arc strip cladding which has quickly established itself as a reliable high deposition rate process.ESW strip cladding relates to the resistance welding processes and is based on the ohmic resistance heating of a molten electrically conductive slag.There is no arc between the strip electrode and the parent material. The heat generated by the molten slag melts the surface of thebasematerial, and the edge of the strip electrode is submerged in the slag and flux.       Strip Clad Head

SAW strip cladding

The well-known SAW method has been widely used with strip electrodes sincethe mid-1960s. A strip electrode, normally measuring 60 x 0.5 mm or 90 x 0.5 mm, is used as the (usually positive) electrode and an electric arc is formed between the strip and the workpiece. Flux is used to form a molten slag to protect the weld pool from the atmosphere and helps to form a smooth weld bead surface The penetration achieved with ESW is less than that with for SAW because the molten slag pool is used to melt the strip and some of the parent material. The temperature of the slag pool is about 2300°C, making it necessary to water-cool the contact jaws. ESW uses higher welding currents than SAW strip cladding so the welding heads used are more heavy duty. The following shows the features of ESW compared with the strip cladding process.  
  • Increased deposition rate of 60% to 80%.
  • Only half of the dilution (10%-15%) from the base material due to less penetration.
  • Lower arc voltage (24-26 V).
  • Higher amperage and current density (About 1000-1250 A with strips of 60 mm width , corresponding to 33-42A/mm2).Specially developed Fluxes for high productivity purposes can be welded with amperage in excess of 2000 A which corresponds to a current density about 70 A/mm2 .
  • Increased welding speed (50%-200%) , resulting in a higher area coverage in m2 /h.
  • Comparable heat input.
  • Lower flux consumption (about 0.5 kg/kg strip).
  • The solidification rate of the ESW weld metal is lower , aids de-gassing and increases resistance to porosity. Oxides can rise easier out of the molten pool to the surface; resulting in a metallurgically cleaner weld metal which is less sensitive to hot cracking and corrosion.

Fluxes for ESW

The ESW-process requires a slag pool with an ohmic resistance behavior. In comparison to SAW cladding the electrical conductance must be higher to avoid arc flash, which is a disturbance of the process .The composition of the welding flux Influences the conductivity , the solidification range and the viscosity of the molten slag. To increase the cladding speed at corresponding high welding currents, it is necessary to use fluxes with high electrical conductivity and low viscosity.


Main Technical Specifications (Positioner)

Main Technical Specifications (Boom & Column 6x4)

Boom Vertical Stroke4000 mm
Boom Horizontal Stroke6000 mm
Column Rotation Stroke360°
Safety and Fall Protection SystemTriple Strand 20B-Safety Lock-Counterbalance
Boom Vertical MechanismWorm Gear & Strand – Electromotor & Worm Gearbox
Boom Horizontal MechanismRack & Pinion – Servo Motor & Worm Gearbox
Column Rotation MechanismIdler Ring - Electromotor & Worm Gearbox
Control SystemPLC
IP ClassificationIP 52
Power Supply380V-50Hz 3PH – 120A
Power Source KARA Tcr 1600 A
Suction MachineKara Suction Machine
Control BoxKARA PEG1 Control Box
Chasis Overall Dimensions2400mm x 2600mm
Boom Overall Dimensions5300 mm
Column Overall Dimensions6950 mm
Welding HeadStrip Clad & Electro Slag
Vertical Slider500 mm Powered by Stepp Motor And Worm Gearbox
Horizontal Slider300 mm Powered by Stepp Motor And Worm Gearbox
Strip Width30-100 mm



Welding & Cutting Ind. Mfg. Co